conviction

conviction
conviction con‧vic‧tion [kənˈvɪkʆn] noun LAW
1. [countable] a decision in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime:

• Smith, who had no previous motoring convictions, had been rushing home to see his family when he hit another car.

conviction for

• He had a conviction for burglary in South Africa.

2. [uncountable] the process of proving someone guilty in a court of law:

• Even when crimes are known to the police, only a small proportion lead to arrest, conviction and sentence.

• legal safeguards against wrongful conviction

* * *

conviction UK US /kənˈvɪkʃən/ noun LAW
[C] a decision made by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime: have a conviction for sth »

He has two previous convictions for tax evasion.

[U] the process of proving in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime: »

Too many defendants are escaping conviction because the case against them was poorly presented.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • conviction — [ kɔ̃viksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1579; lat. imp. convictio, de convincere → convaincre 1 ♦ Vieilli Preuve établissant la culpabilité de qqn. Conviction de mensonge. ♢ Mod. PIÈCE À CONVICTION : objet à la disposition de la justice pour fournir un élément de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • conviction — con·vic·tion n 1: the act or process of convicting; also: the final judgment entered after a finding of guilt a prior conviction of murder would not overturn the conviction compare acquittal ◇ Jurisdictions differ as to what constitutes… …   Law dictionary

  • Conviction — Con*vic tion (k[o^]n*v[i^]k sh[u^]n), n. [L. convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction (in sense 3 & 4). See {Convict}, {Convince}.] 1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense. [1913 Webster] The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • conviction — CONVICTION. s. f. L effet qu une preuve évidente produit dans l esprit. Être dans une entière conviction. Avoir une entière conviction des vérités de la Religion. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De la preuve évidente et indubitable d une vérité, d un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • conviction — Conviction. s. f. v. Preuve évidente & indubitable d une verité, d un fait. Conviction évidente, manifeste, forte. on a long temps douté de la circulation du sang, mais l experience nous en a donné une conviction entiere. on l accuse de cette… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • conviction — [n1] belief, opinion confidence, creed, doctrine, dogma, eye, faith, feeling, judgment call, mind, persuasion, principle, reliance, say so*, sentiment, slant, tenet, view; concept 689 conviction [n2] guilty sentence; assurance assuredness,… …   New thesaurus

  • conviction — [kən vik′shən] n. [ME < LL(Ec) convictio, proof, demonstration] 1. a convicting or being convicted 2. Rare the act of convincing 3. the state or appearance of being convinced, as of the truth of a belief [to speak with conviction] 4. a strong… …   English World dictionary

  • Conviction — (v. lat. Convictio), Überführung; vgl. Criminalbeweis …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Conviction — Conviction, lat., Ueberführung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • conviction — (n.) mid 15c., the proving of guilt, from L.L. convictionem (nom. convictio) proof, refutation, noun of action from pp. stem of convincere (see CONVINCE (Cf. convince)). Meaning mental state of being convinced is from 1690s; that of firm belief,… …   Etymology dictionary

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